Rear End Car Accidents And Personal Injury Law – What YOU Need To Know

Guest blogging this week is Mike Bottaro of Bottaro Law Firm. He takes a close look at rear-end car accidents and what you need to do to protect yourself. Welcome, Mike!

The Bottaro Law Firm Team

The Bottaro Law Firm Team

What are your legal rights after sustaining personal injury in a rear end car crash in Rhode Island and Massachusetts?  Our law firm handles personal injury legal cases stemming from car accidents everyday.

The first thing to understand is that there are about 2.5 million rear end collisions annually in this country.  Big insurance companies profit from taking in your premium dollar and by acting slow to deny, defend, or delay your valid legal damages after a crash.  The insurance company is looking out for their interests and you need a lawyer to look out for your interests!  Whether you hire our firm or another, if you are injured in a rear end crash, do not delay in hiring a law firm that has won awards in limiting its practice to plaintiff personal injury cases.

Proving Negligence - Causes of Rear-End Collisions

From a legal perspective, we will want to get to work right away on winning your case by first establishing that the other driver is “liable,” in other words, considered to be legally at fault. You would be surprised that how often, especially without a lawyer, the insurance company seeks to save money by blaming you a percentage of fault (“comparative negligence”) – even in a rear end collision. Sometimes they do not even tell you this, but simply reduce the money that is owed to you!  

Proving Legal Causation: Injuries Sustained From Rear-End Collisions

The next step our top rated personal injuries will work on is establishing the legal link between the collision and your injuries.  

This comes into play if you already had an underlying neck, back, or other condition affected the crash.  In this case, the insurance company will attempt to save money on your case by arguing that you were already injured before this crash.  Of course, such an argument may not be true, or may not account for the fact that your condition worsened as a result of this crash.  Lawyers fight insurers to establish legal causation on your case.

Proving Legal Damages: Medical Expenses, Pain and Suffering, Lost Wages, etc.

Rear-end auto accidents result not only in physical and emotional injuries, but also result in real money lost to you.  Insurance companies are quick to promise that you will receive compensation, but later act a little foggy on the details.  

I know how to properly calculate your true losses after a Rhode Island or Massachusetts car accident and that is important to you, because the law differs in each state.  

If you have questions after an injury form a car crash, our firm limits our practice to helping you.  We offer 24/7 free consultations via text, phone, or website: (401) 777-7777 ; . Mike Bottaro

"Summer Foot" and Flip Flop Pain

I just had a friend text me and ask a very familiar question for this time of year. “Ian, my feet and shins are killing me. What can it be?” After a couple of questions back and forth trying to E-heal my friend, I simply asked how old her shoes were that she was walking in. She texted me back, “I don’t know, 3 months? Why does that matter?” I went on to explain how footwear can affect someone with a lot of walking if they get old, but her shoes were well within the realm of normal. After a little bit of a pause, she texted back again. “Um, I haven’t worn those in about a month, I’ve been wearing flats, and flip-flops to walk in.” Ta-Da, we figured out the root of the problem.

I know, I know, it’s summer time and we have all been waiting months to free our feet from the confines of shoes. Those perfect little flats that go great with that outfit. Those flip-flops that are so easy to slip on. Those bedazzled sandals that are just killer when you go out. I get it...but your feet don’t. I have started to evaluate more and more “summer foot” (that’s my phrase, not medical at all) in the clinic lately because of the nice weather. So what is summer foot and how do you fix it?

Summer foot is any pain in the foot associated with wearing horrible footwear. Some people get plantar fascitis, some get ankle pain, some get toe and bunion pain. No matter where the pain is, it is all from the same root cause - poorly supportive footwear that leads to bad alignment of the foot and ankle, and pain. You might be thinking, “Ian, not everyone gets summer foot though – why is that?” Well, not everyone has the same type of foot. Some people have a normal arch (they are the lucky ones) which allows them to wear unsupportive footwear without an issue. If you are like most of us though you have either too low of an arch (pronated) or too high of an arch (supinated).

If you have too low of an arch you will get more benefit from strengthening your foot and hip. Try these exercises:

They will help to strengthen your foot, and hip, and give you a little more arch support when you wear those summer shoes.

If you have too high of an arch, you aren’t as lucky as your low arch counterpart. A high arch means you have a very stiff bony structure. Although that is how you are built, you will still get some benefit from stretching your ankle and hip. Try these stretches to loosen your muscles and take some pressure off your arch:



The best way to make your feet feel better in the summer months is to wear those flats and flip-flops sporadically. If you do find yourself wearing them more than you should and your feet start to bother you, try the exercises. Hopefully they help you get through the nice weather with a pain free flip-flop tan.

You're Already Behind on Your Golf Season Prep

It’s getting to be my favorite time of year, golf season. The PGA tour is starting to heat up with bigger tournaments and people are already talking about The Masters. In New England, we’re starting to get glimpses of nicer weather. It can also be one of the most frustrating times of year for me professionally though. Why you ask? Now that the weather is getting nicer, I’m starting to get golfers calling saying they want to get ready for the upcoming season. It is great that people are looking to get better, and I love helping my golfers. The problem is that the season starts in two weeks. Where were you for the past 3 months when you couldn’t play golf and were stuck inside? The truth is, you already missed the boat if you truly want to be ready for the start of the season. Fear not though my golfing friends, there is still plenty that you can do to improve your golf game for next season.

What are the two most important things to focus on? Good mobility and good stability. Simple right? What that really means is you need good mobility of your hips, ankles, shoulders, and neck. For stability you need strength in your core, chest, hips, and shoulders. That is just to develop a good foundation. If you really want to hit the ball farther, you need to work on power development. That is a whole extra level of strength and speed training. Are you starting to see why you need at least 3 months to make a change in the off season? I’m going to do my best to simplify it for you to get you up and running for the season. Just remember that next season you need to call me in December, not March.


The biggest restriction that I see in amateur golfers is shoulder turn – most don’t have enough. This restriction places a lot of strain on your back and shoulders. It can also limit the power you can produce in your swing. My favorite way to improve shoulder turn is the open book exercise. Perform 10 repetitions, with a 3 second hold, twice a day.


Most amateurs are seriously lacking in the stability category. The reason is, most people sit all day at their job and then during their commute to and from work. The glutes and abdominals are the two big players in producing stability. The unfortunate thing is that when we are sitting, both of these muscles are taking a break. That means that in a normal work day the two most important players in producing stability in the golf swing are on vacation. I’m not telling you to quit your job and find one that doesn’t require you to sit all day. I’m just trying to give you an idea of what an uphill battle it is to build the proper stability that is required in the golf swing. One of the best exercises to help increase both glute and abdominal strength at the same time is the bridge with kick. Perform 3 sets of 10 repetitions, twice daily.

Performing those two exercises will get you started on the right track. It isn’t ideal but it’s better than nothing. The take home message? Golf season doesn’t start in March or April. It really starts 2-3 months before that. Make sure you get started a little bit earlier next season to make it your best. Happy golfing!

- Ian at OrthoCore